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Bangalore - India
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Bangalore, officially Bengaluru, is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. Located on the Deccan Plateau in the south-eastern part of Karnataka, Bangalore is India's third most populous city and fifth-most populous urban agglomeration. It is home to numerous public sectors such as heavy industries, software companies, aerospace, telecommunications, machine tools, heavy equipment, and defence establishments. Bangalore is known as the Silicon Valley of India owing to its pre-eminent position as the leading contributor to India's IT industry. Bangalore has developed into one of India's major economic hubs and was mentioned by CNN as one of the "best places to do business in the wired world". Though historical references to the city predate 900 CE, a modern written history of continuous settlement exists only from 1537, when Kempe Gowda I, who many regard as the architect of modern Bangalore, built a mud fort in the city and established it as a province of the imperial Vijayanagara Empire. During the British Raj, it became a centre for colonial rule in South India. The establishment of the Bangalore Cantonment brought in large numbers of migrants from other parts of the country. Since independence in 1947, Bangalore grew to become a large and growing metropolitan in the developing world, Bangalore is home to some of the most well-recognized colleges and research institutions in India, and has the second-highest literacy rate in the nation. Bangalore lies in the southeast of the South Indian state of Karnataka. It is in the heart of the Mysore Plateau (a region of the larger Precambrian Deccan Plateau) at an average elevation of 920 m (3,018 ft). It is positioned at 12.97° N 77.56° E and covers an area of 741 km² (286 mi²). Due to its high elevation, Bangalore usually enjoys salubrious climate throughout the year, although freak heat waves can make things very uncomfortable in the summer.

Bangalore's Rs 260,260 crore (US$ 100 billion) economy (2002–03 Net District Income) makes it a major economic centre in India. With an economic growth of 10.3%, Bangalore is the fastest growing major metropolis in India. Additionally, Bangalore is India's fourth largest fast moving consumer goods (FMCG) market. The city is the third largest hub for high net worth individuals and is home to over 10,000 dollar millionaires and about 60,000 super-rich people who have an investable surplus of Rs. 4.5 crore (US$ 1 million) and Rs. 50 lakh (US$ 116,000) respectively. As of 2001, Bangalore's share of Rs. 1,660 crore (US$ 400 million) in Foreign Direct Investment was the fourth highest for an Indian city. In the 1940, industrial visionaries such as Sir Mirza Ismail and Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya played an important role in the development of Bangalore's strong manufacturing and industrial base. The headquarters of several public sector undertakings such as Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL), Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), Bharat Electronics Limited, Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML) and Hindustan Machine Tools (HMT) are located in Bangalore. In June 1972 the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) was established under the Department of Space and headquartered in the city. Bangalore is served by the newly-built Bengaluru International Airport (IATA code: BLR) which started operations from 24 May 2008. The city was earlier served by the HAL Airport which was India's fourth busiest airport. Air Deccan and Kingfisher Airlines have their headquarters in Bangalore.

Bangalore is well connected to the rest of the country through the Indian Railways. The Rajdhani Express connects Bangalore to New Delhi, the capital of India. The city is also connected to Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, and Hyderabad, as well as other major cities in Karnataka. A rapid transit system called the Namma Metro is being developed and is expected to be operational by 2011. Besides Taxis, three-wheeled, black and yellow auto-rickshaws, referred to as autos, are a popular form of transport. Buses operated by Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation (BMTC) are also a means of public transport available in the city. Bangalore is known as the "Garden City of India" because of its greenery and the presence of many public parks, including the Lal Bagh and Cubbon Park. The diversity of cuisine available is reflective of the social and economic diversity of Bangalore. It is also a major center of Indian classical music and dance. Bangalore is also sometimes called as the "Pub Capital of India" and is one of the premier places to hold international rock concerts. Cricket is one of the most popular sports in Bangalore.

Attractions:

• Lal Bagh
• Cubbon Park
• Forum Mall
• Vidhana Soudha
• Attara Kacheri
• Bangalore Palace
• Brigade Road
• Commercial Street
• MG Road, Bangalore
• Tipu Sultan's Summer Palace
• Visvesvaraya Industrial and Technological Museum
• ISKCON Temple
• Mayo Hall
• St Patrick's church
• Bull Temple
• Huge Shiva in old Airport Road
• Infant Jesus Church
• Electronics City
• HAL Aeronautical Museum
• St. Mary's Basilica

Websites:

http://www.bangaloreone.gov.in/
http://wikitravel.org/en/Bangalore
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tourist_attractions_in_Bangalore
http://www.indianrail.gov.in
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